His father then attempted to sue the Parkes family for "the custody, control and society" of his wife and family in an unusual and high-profile court case, which he lost. Following this embarrassment, Gertrude left Birmingham to live in a series of boarding houses and spa hotels. His longest and final stay was at Bedales School near Petersfield in Hampshire —21 , which he left at the age of 18, and where he blossomed and was happy. Early career[ edit ] After leaving school, Wyndham tried several careers, including farming, law, commercial art and advertising, but mostly relied on an allowance from his family.

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Now, almost 40 years later, the postwartime feel is even more present in this short novel, despite the book itself being published in The way the army moves in immediately, the jeeps on the road, meetings between people who clearly think of themselves as the elders of the village, the consequent emphasis on protecting ordinary people, the "Grange" with its important secret work, all these contribute to a work redolent with the "stiff upper lip" feeling of post-war British fiction.

The first of these goes by the name of "Village of the Damned", from , and was followed shortly by a sequel "Children of the Damned". John Carpenter then remade "Village of the Damned". All these are good chilling films, but they are bound to lose the feel of the original text. The British reserve is very much in evidence in the novel, and Wyndham conveys the clipped "BBC" accent beautifully, with his "Ihad" or "Ithink" in reported conversation.

At the beginning too, when the "cuckoos" are perceived, there is much embarrassment and avoidence of discussing how this might have happened. One exchange between the doctor and the vicar is hilarious as neither seem to want to spell out what they actually mean.

It becomes obvious that the situation of every single female being pregnant at the same time is scientifically inexplicable. Nothing has ever really happened in Midwich apart from some amusing historical episodes referred to in a droll fashion right at the start yet the villagers just accept it and go on with their lives. Again, this is typical of the period. The authorities know best. You keep quiet and carry on. And indeed, the "elders" of the village do get together, and form a "committee" to discuss what is the best way to proceed for the good of them all.

We are thrust into the novel right in the middle of the "Dayout", when the village of Midwich seems to have been put to sleep. Then aerial photography shows an unidentifiable silvery object on the ground in the centre of the created exclusion zone. Although there is an underlying sense of dread and chill, the "indignant squawk" of the canary, as it repeatedly falls off its perch view spoiler [each time it meets the invisible barrier which put it to sleep, and the description of people just seeming to conk out, hide spoiler ]is actually very funny.

Critics of the novel have argued its implausibility; however was this all kept secret? Well, this was , and we are told the village a sleepy sort of place to start with! It is a stretch to believe, but communications were extremely basic for ordinary folk then. And why, modern readers may ask, was abortion not suggested? Again, different times, different ethics. Abortion was a very rare event.

Mostly unwanted pregnancies would end in adoption, and some of these in the story were very much wanted in any case. All the little cameos here are a treat to read. Such a variety of reactions from people very much of their time.

The women I found to be especially interesting. Often novels written then tend to objectify women, but, class-ridden though they were, these women are believable as real characters. For the daughter of an educated well-to-do family it is perceived as a minor difficulty, but easily got round. Others less privileged went to dangerous lengths to avoid ever having to disclose the information.

The narrator Richard Gayford has many indepth discussions with Zellaby, who is prone to philosophical digressions. He tends to soliloquise as he ruminates on various biological mechanisms. He has given himself the task of educating the Children, but when it is clear that they learn, and grow at an astonishing superhuman rate, and have abilities unknown to humans, then he deduces that humanity itself is under threat. Other countries have experienced the same phenomenon, and four other colonies have been planted and grown world-wide.

All have either died or been destroyed. Clearly neither species will allow the other to survive, yet both politically and ethically, nobody wants to be the ones to destroy these Children. Indeed Zellaby is portrayed as some sort of "nutty professor". However by the end we are beginning to realise that Zellaby is the only person who sees the bigger picture, view spoiler [and is willing to take responsibility for what has to be done; ultimately to destroy the Children in order for humanity to survive.

When the Children have begun to show their powers, using their telepathic and superhuman abilities to make people kill themselves, or fight each other, as a "punishment" for hurting them, Angela speaks out against them, saying that murder must never be tolerated.

But Zellaby counters, "You are judging by social rules and finding crime. I am considering an elemental struggle, and finding no crime - just grim, primeval danger.

The Children themselves form two basic entities - male and female - split into 61 "components". By the end they have lived for nine years, look sixteen, and have immeasurable intelligence. It made you numerically stronger, but mentally undeveloped. It made us mentally strong but physically weak: now it has set us at one another, to see what will happen. A cruel sport perhaps, from both our points of view, but a very very old one. Cruelty is as old as life itself. There is some improvement: humour and compassion are the most important of human inventions; but they are not very firmly established yet, though promising well.

You may not care for the parochialism, or the fuddy-duddy characters, but the claustrophobia and conservatism of a small village in England perfectly sets off the stark issue of basic survival. Zellaby said, this struggle is a "fight that goes on perpetually, bitterly, lawlessly, without trace of mercy or compassion.

There have been many imitations. The theme of raw survival runs constantly through SF. This novel makes you think, as all good fiction should. It does so with a wry humour, and a deadly sense of foreboding. Yes, it could be described as a "cosy catastrophe". But it incorporates elements from biology, physiology, sociology, psychology, and politics. And most of all, it incorporates ethics.

To do this in such a breathlessly entertaining way indicates that this is a true, timeless classic.


John Wyndham



The Midwich Cuckoos


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