If your blood oxygen levels are low, you may receive oxygen therapy to help them return to normal. Complications from bronchopneumonia can occur depending on the cause of the infection. Common complications can include: blood stream infections or sepsis buildup of fluid around the lungs, known as a pleural effusion respiratory failure heart conditions such as heart failure , heart attacks , and irregular rhythms Treatment in infants and children Your doctor will prescribe antibiotics if your child has a bacterial infection. Home care to ease symptoms is also an important step in managing this condition. Make sure your child gets enough fluids and rest.
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Share on Pinterest Anyone over 65 years of age is at risk of developing bronchopneumonia. The most common cause of bronchopneumonia is a bacterial lung infection, such as Streptococcus pneumoniae and Haemophilus influenza type b Hib. Viral and fungal lung infections can also causes pneumonia. Harmful germs can enter the bronchi and alveoli and begin to multiply. Symptoms often develop from this inflammation. Risk factors for developing bronchopneumonia include : being under the age of 2 years being over the age of 65 years smoking or excessive alcohol use recent respiratory infections, such as cold and the flu long-term lung diseases, such as COPD, cystic fibrosis , bronchiectasis, and asthma other health conditions, such as diabetes , heart failure , liver disease conditions that weaken the immune systems, such as HIV or certain autoimmune disorders taking drugs to suppress the immune system, such as for chemotherapy , organ transplantation, or long-term steroid use recent surgery or trauma Untreated or severe bronchopneumonia can lead to complications, particularly in at-risk people, such as young children, older adults, and those with weakened or suppressed immune systems.
In , worldwide , children under the age of 5 years died from pneumonia. This incidence of mortality was predominantly from bronchopneumonia. Complications of bronchopneumonia can include: Respiratory failure. This happens when the essential exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the lungs begins to fail. People with respiratory failure may need a ventilator or breathing machine to assist with breathing. Acute respiratory distress syndrome ARDS. ARDS is a more severe form of respiratory failure and is life-threatening.
Sepsis can cause multiple organ failure and is life-threatening. Lung abscesses. These are pus-filled sacs that can form inside the lungs. Breathing problems, such as wheezing, are typical indications of bronchopneumonia.
But bronchopneumonia can cause similar symptoms to colds or the flu, which can sometimes make diagnosis difficult. If the doctor suspects bronchopneumonia, they may order one or more of the following tests to confirm the diagnosis or determine the type and severity of the condition: Chest X-ray or CT scan. These imaging tests allow a doctor to see inside the lungs and check for signs of infection. Blood tests. These can help detect signs of infection, such as an abnormal white blood cell count.
This procedure allows a doctor to see inside the lungs. Sputum culture. This is a laboratory test that can detect infection from the mucus that a person has coughed up. Pulse oximetry. This is a test used to calculate the amount of oxygen flowing through the bloodstream. Arterial blood gases. Share on Pinterest A person can treat mild bronchopneumonia at home.
Treatment for bronchopneumonia may depend on the type of infection and the severity of the condition. People without other health problems typically recover from bronchopneumonia within 1 to 3 weeks.
It is possible to treat mild forms of bronchopneumonia at home using a combination of rest and medication. But, more severe cases of bronchopneumonia may require hospital treatment. Doctors treat people whose bronchopneumonia is due to a bacterial infection with antibiotics. These drugs work by killing harmful bacteria in the lungs. Antibiotics do not work for viral infections. For viral bronchopneumonia, a doctor may prescribe an antiviral medication for people with the flu, or they may direct therapy at treating symptoms.
Bronchopneumonia due to a virus typically clears up in 1 to 3 weeks. For people with fungal bronchopneumonia, a doctor may prescribe antifungal medication. When recovering from bronchopneumonia, it is essential for a person to: get plenty of rest drink lots of fluids to help thin mucus and reduce discomfort when coughing take all medications, as their doctor directs Vaccination can prevent some forms of bronchopneumonia. The American Lung Association ALA recommend that children aged under five years and adults aged over 65 years should see a doctor about getting vaccinated against pneumococcal pneumonia, which is caused by bacteria.
This condition commonly results from a bacterial infection, but viral and fungal infections can also cause it.
Symptoms can vary but often include coughing, difficulty breathing, and fever. If left untreated or in certain people, bronchopneumonia can become serious and sometimes lead to death. This illness is particularly dangerous in young children, older adults, and those with certain other health conditions.
Typically, people who are not compromised by other health problems recover within a few weeks with appropriate treatment. Treatment can be at home or in the hospital, depending on the severity of the infection.
Vaccinations can help protect at-risk individuals from bronchopneumonia.
Bronchopneumonia: Symptoms, Risk Factors, and Treatment