IC MAX485 DATASHEET PDF

The bus is properly terminated and failsafed. No path for 12V to make it to the bus or stuff like that. To answer your questions: I think the culprit is the unfortunate combination of chosen power scheme, those GND resistors and suppressors. Multiple rectifiers and long power lines created common mode difference, the resistors allowed this difference to go negative and suppressors shorted bus to the ground. There should not be large GND currents in properly grounded system. As Dan mentioned in the very first comment, the DMX standard recommends grounded GND line in controller unit and isolated in all the receivers.

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The bus is properly terminated and failsafed. No path for 12V to make it to the bus or stuff like that. To answer your questions: I think the culprit is the unfortunate combination of chosen power scheme, those GND resistors and suppressors.

Multiple rectifiers and long power lines created common mode difference, the resistors allowed this difference to go negative and suppressors shorted bus to the ground. There should not be large GND currents in properly grounded system. As Dan mentioned in the very first comment, the DMX standard recommends grounded GND line in controller unit and isolated in all the receivers. Having one transformer and multiple rectifiers is not the right thing to do this.

If that is not doable then having controller on its own supply is certainly worse than having one big supply for everything. I could not find this info in datasheet.

Could you point it out? Because in my experience very few chips in general can tolerate this condition. The protection diodes on inputs start bleeding voltage to power rails, chip enters this intermittently powered condition and usually ends up burned out. Is the latter an option for me? The RS standard requires common network ground. In fact, it specifically recommends those Ohm resistors you had in original schematics.

However keep in mind that it also assumes earth ground connection and isolated supply at each node. The DMX standard requires "signal common" wire. But it recommends grounding this wire at transmitter only and isolating the receivers.

In your case there are two problems. First, for MAX chip network ground and circuit ground are the same. Second, your LED modules are high-power devices located elsewhere, most likely far from controller. You want them grounded. Furthermore, with heatsinks and chassis-mounted parts chances for GND of LED module coming in contact with local earth ground are quite high.

The EMI alone is good enough reason for this, not to mention all the problems with common mode it creates. Rectify and move half of the electrolytes to the main power supply, however keep at least one of those in the modules. Distribute 40VDC. You can keep your wall-wart, if you wish, but route power line to controller anyway, for the sole purpose of connecting to power ground.

With power distribution taken care of, I see two wiring options for network itself. The preferred one is more expensive. There are also chips with driver only for use with small external transformer. Connect twisted pair only. If you notice loss of performance in noisy environment you can connect STP shield or unused UTP pairs as per datasheet.

Note that in this case signal common is floating, power common is grounded at controller only. Earth ground contact with LED module chassis should not be a problem for power line unless there is huge voltage potential. The network wiring is essentially independent of power supply, so even mix of central distribution and individual supplies is possible.

Second option uses your existing transceivers, so it is cheaper. Use negative power line as signal common. This is to avoid ground loops. Important: this also means you cannot distribute power directly from supply, power line should follow bus topology. Take care of keeping power lines from direct contact with chassis. Connect circuit ground to chassis with protection resistors. Grounding any or all nodes is safe. Use low capacitance bidirectional TVS. Finally, here is the wiring for individual isolated power supplies.

Note that common signal ground once again wired through RG45, however it is isolated from earth ground.

IEC TR 80002 1 PDF

IC MAX485 DATASHEET PDF

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