JCS 1779 PDF

It faced war damage to its economy and the problems of mass migration due to the expulsion of ethnic Germans from areas east of the Oder—Neisse line. Civilian industries which might have a military potential, which in the modern era of "total war" included virtually all, were to be severely restricted. In order to achieve this, each type of industry was subsequently reviewed to see how many factories Germany required under these minimum level of industry requirements. Restrictions on steel followed. It soon became obvious that this policy was not sustainable.

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Paragraphs three et seq. You will be governed by the following basic policies of your Government in completing the program of restitution from Germany: a. Policies 2 a 1 and 2 a 2 , separately or together, will prevail over policy 2 b 2 unless the property is required for the German economy with great urgency, comparable, e. With reference to policy 2 b 1 you will from time to time be given guidance as to the products which this government desires to deny to the economy of the Soviet Union and its satellites.

You will suspend restitution of such products from Germany even if they appear subject to restitution by international agreement under policy 2 a 1. You will also suspend restitution in all cases where there is a conflict between the urgent requirements of the German economy as indicated in 2 b 2 and international obligation as stated in 2 a 1 and also when there is a conflict between the policy in 2 a 1 and 2 b 3.

You should report action taken under this paragraph together with the grounds therefor. You should, where possible, avoid informing the representatives of any claimant country that a claim has been deferred or rejected on the grounds set forth in paragraph 2 b 1 , 2 , or 3 above. In such cases other legal or procedural grounds should, if possible, be stated.

You should consult your Government before making any overt refusal to execute an agreement to which the United States is a party.

The legal bases for restitution to the United Nations are the agreements of the Allied Control Authority, so long as they are considered to be in force. Property removed from a United Nation in the course of a transaction essentially commercial in character is not considered to be subject to restitution under such agreements.

The legal bases for restitution to Italy, Rumania, Hungary, and Bulgaria are the relevant provisions of the Treaties of Peace with those countries. In the absence of Control Council decision implementing the treaties, you will proceed with restitution to those countries as provided in this directive.

You will bear in mind that property which is lawfully owned by a national of Italy, Rumania, Hungary, or Bulgaria, which is determined to be not subject to restitution under paragraph two of the relevant article of the peace treaty, falls under paragraph one of such article.

You will make restitution to Austria of property removed from Austria after 12 March upon the same terms as are set forth in the relevant articles of the treaties of peace referred to in paragraph seven of this directive. You will coordinate restitution to Austria with the U. High Commissioner so that, at his discretion, and within the means available to him, products, subject to policy stated in paragraph 2 b 1 , may be denied entry into Soviet occupied areas.

You will make restitution to Finland in the same manner as if the United States were a signatory of the treaty of peace executed by that country. You will make restitution to Italy, Rumania, Hungary, Bulgaria, Austria, and Finland of property removed from these countries under circumstances which do not fall within the terms of the treaties of peace or of paragraphs eight and nine of this directive where to do so appears equitable and follows from application of the policies set forth in paragraphs two, three and four of this directive.

In particular, and without limiting the generality of the foregoing, you will make restitution to Italy, so long as it is a participant in the European Recovery Program, of property removed from that country, as set forth in Article 77 of the Italian Peace Treaty, after July 23, , including property removed by or under the authority of the so-called Republican Fascist Government. You will report to this Government, with your recommendations, the facts with respect to any property which appears to have been removed from Albania by the Germans by force or duress.

The disposition of property removed from Latvia, Esthonia, and Lithuania is subject to later decision, except for ships which are disposable under TMMC agreement see WX , 16 April 5. The Soviet Union is not recognized as a proper restitution claimant for property removed from those countries. The restitution of railway rolling stock and of inland waterway craft will be governed by special arrangements with the claimant governments.

The disposition of looted gold, currencies, and securities will be made pursuant to separate instructions. Confirming ourad August WX , you are authorized to announce 31 December as target date for terminating restitution deliveries, subject to conditions cited in urad July CC In his letter, Draper proposed that this directive be communicated to General Clay as the agreed United States policy as regards restitution from Germany to those United Nations that had been occupied by Germany.

In a reply dated August 25, not printed, Wisner reported Department of State concurrence with this directive The Joint Chiefs of Staff in message Warx of September 13 confirmed the text of the draft directive and declared it to be in effect.

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Roosevelt Presidential Library and Museum. Treasury department official Harry Dexter White was influential in drafting the memorandum. This means completely disarming the German Army and people including the removal or destruction of all war material , the total destruction of the whole German armament industry, and the removal or destruction of other key industries which are basic to military strength. Partitioning of Germany. As indicated in part 3 an International zone should be created containing the Ruhr and the surrounding industrial areas. There shall be a custom union between the new South German state and Austria, which will be restored to her pre political borders. The Ruhr Area.

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Paragraphs three et seq. You will be governed by the following basic policies of your Government in completing the program of restitution from Germany: a. Policies 2 a 1 and 2 a 2 , separately or together, will prevail over policy 2 b 2 unless the property is required for the German economy with great urgency, comparable, e. With reference to policy 2 b 1 you will from time to time be given guidance as to the products which this government desires to deny to the economy of the Soviet Union and its satellites.

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Directive d'occupation de l'Allemagne JCS 1779

Nigami Persons are to be treated as more than nominal participants in Party activities and as active supporters of Nazism or militarism when they have 1 held office or otherwise been active at any level from local to national in the party and its subordinate organizations, or in organizations which further militaristic doctrines, 2 authorized or participated affirmatively in any Nazi crimes, racial persecutions or discriminations, 3 been avowed believers in Nazism or racial and militaristic creeds, or 4 voluntarily given substantial moral or material support or political assistance of any kind to the Nazi Party or Nazi officials and jds. It is not a question of a regime, but of the homeland itself, and to save that, every German is bound to obey the call, whether he be Nazi or member of the opposition. Ncs agreement in the Control Council, you will take in your zone the action indicated in subparagraphs a, b and c above. The directive, therefore, should be read in the light of the policies enumerated at Potsdam.

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