The novel takes place in a small town of Chalatenango, El Salvador, where the Guardado family, Lupe Guardado, and her husband Chepe Guardado begin their day of work and chores for the new day, or so they believed. As the day progresses, Lupe notices that her once quaint town is being terrorized and uninhabitable due to the oppressive authorities that abuse the hardworking impoverished people. Manlio Argueta uses a fictitious impoverished family, the Guardado family, as a mere source that unravels the social and personal changes bestowed on the poor people due to the hostile Salvadoran Civil War, also showcasing the control and oppression the rich have over the poor, and emphasizing the vital role the Catholic church plays in the novel as well. As the novel progresses, the social change that reshapes Chalatenango from the Salvadoran Civil War influences the personal change in Lupe Guardado, and her surrounding family members and relatives.
|Published (Last):||16 March 2015|
|PDF File Size:||16.91 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||8.45 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
The novel takes place in a small town of Chalatenango, El Salvador, where the Guardado family, Lupe Guardado, and her husband Chepe Guardado begin their day of work and chores for the new day, or so they believed.
As the day progresses, Lupe notices that her once quaint town is being terrorized and uninhabitable due to the oppressive authorities that abuse the hardworking impoverished people. Manlio Argueta uses a fictitious impoverished family, the Guardado family, as a mere source that unravels the social and personal changes bestowed on the poor people due to the hostile Salvadoran Civil War, also showcasing the control and oppression the rich have over the poor, and emphasizing the vital role the Catholic church plays in the novel as well.
As the novel progresses, the social change that reshapes Chalatenango from the Salvadoran Civil War influences the personal change in Lupe Guardado, and her surrounding family members and relatives. Progressing, as the oppressive authorities came in and terrorized the poor people, including Lupe and her family, she became even more fearful when they threatened her husband Chepe, after the killing of their son Justino.
Thoroughly, Argueta wanted to convey the fear Lupe felt for the life of her family, after losing Justino, thus pleading to Chepe and other peasant men to sleep in the hills for their safety. Following, it becomes apparent that Lupe becomes stronger towards the end, when two of the oppressive authorities storm into her home and demand to speak with her 14 year old granddaughter Adolfina Hernandez. Lupe knew these men were capable of killing Adolfina and was fearful, so Lupe with all of her fear tries to stall and divert the men, which shows the courage, and fearlessness that begins to evolve in her.
And the relevance that Adolfina has with the authorities is that, due to oppression and change in society, she began to be active in her Catholic Church federation, by being a liberator and advocating for her rights, and the rights of the poor people in Chalatenango. A major focus in the novel is the control and oppression that the rich and powerful have over the hardworking and the poor.
Lupe makes it clear that the landowners that give them the seasonal work in the coffee plantations are controlling and fearful, and know how to keep their distance. Thoroughly, either it is seen the oppressed and the oppressors are both being controlled and manipulated by the rich, powerful above them. Throughout the storyline, Argueta emphasizes the Catholic faith in the impoverished peoples lives.
He also illustrates the evolution the Catholic priests undertake in the time of hostility, from the change in conservative priests to the liberals in Chalatenango. Argueta wanted to stress that it was customary for the impoverished people to believe that the priests would save their children and themselves from sin, if they had faith.
So as can see, the Catholic church and priests played a vital role through out the novel, by showcasing the beliefs of the people before the Civil war and how it evolved during the Civil war. As Manlio Argueta based the novel around the Guardado family, he uses this family to get a personal view of the social changes that change the characters throughout the novel, also highlighting the controlling role the rich people have over the poor, and the importance the catholic church has in the novel.
Also, one could clearly see how Lupe, and the peasant workers suffer from the rich ruling, but also the oppressive authorities do as well. And also, Argueta was keen in centralizing the Catholic Church and faith in the novel because it is the basis of hope and evolution due to the Salvadoran Civil War.
Annotated Bibliography 1. Argueta, Manlio. One Day of Life. New York: Vintage, Ultimately, in search of a deeper meaning, Lupe is the voice of the impoverished women who are shunned and silenced by society because they are inferior. The University of Michigan article on the War in El Salvador summarizes and pinpoints the heart of the Salvadoran Civil War, by describing the struggles, oppression, the White-European ownership of land.
The article takes the side of the oppressed impoverished hard workers that work in the coffee plantations to earn a few cents, but also strips the true fact of worker slavery from these plantation owners.
And the people become enraged and feel that they need a raise in money, which brings fear in the plantation owners and so they have the need to hurt and oppress the workers by hiring the national guards to abuse these workers. General OneFile. It basically shows the complexity of this teaching, because it involves physical and spiritual salvation.
Media Citation 1. One day of life.
One Day of Life
At first there is a sense of being alive, but as the day goes on, more and more of the injustice and horror that she experiences is revealed. Together, the two strains of narrative combine to highlight the tragedy of this family--and, by extension, the rural population of El Salvador. A reader more attuned to the history of El Salvador, or someone familiar with the politics of the time might not have this problem--in some ways, for me, it was like trying to catch a moving train. But aside from that, the introductory chapters with their attention to the peasant way of life were not very eventful. A few years ago, I read a very similar book, published only a year after this one, called El Infierno, by Carlos Martinez Moreno, which dealt with the struggles between the government of Uruguay and the Tupamaro guerrillas. While One Day of Life did try to personalize the tragedy by placing the character of Lupe foremost as a kind of center around which to build the narrative, both novels rely heavily on vignettes to communicate the events, vignettes which seem to be the anonymous voices of survivors who just want someone to hear their story.
Argueta has stated that his exposure to poetic sounds began during his childhood and that his foundation in poetry stemmed from his childhood imagination. Arguetas interest in literature was strongly influenced by the world literature he read as a teenager. Argueta began his writing career by the age of 13 as a poet. Although he was relatively unknown at the time, Argueta won a national prize for his poetry around , which gained him some recognition among Salvadoran and Central American poets. As he became more involved with the literary community of El Salvador, Argueta became a member of the "Committed Generation". Because of his writings criticizing the government, Argueta was exiled to Costa Rica in and was not able to return to El Salvador until the s. The group sought to create social change in terms of the treatment of the lower class.